Visegradsko ljeto

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Dokumentarac o silovanju u Visegradu

Grcki dokumentarac o masovnom silovanju u Visegradu iz 2007. godine.

*Nuni is 51 years old. During the war she was raped and held in the hotel Vilina Vlas that at the time acted as a concentration camp.

-Nuni, can you remember how everything started? Can you describe that day to us?
I can’t remember the dates anymore. They abused me. They called me by my name. The reason I was abused was because my brother-in-law and his wife lived in Germany. They thought our home was full of gold. The other reason is because I am from Vikoso and the war broke out in that region. The third reason is because my husband worked in Sarajevo and that was where my son was born.
In reality, they first asked for DM500. After I gave them them they asked for more. They took things from the house and wouldn’t let us come back in. they were with Arkan, Sesel, the “White Eagles”… Some supported Milosevic, Mladic, Karadzic…
They were all against me. I fought my way into my sister-in-law’s house. It was all I could do. I didn’t know Lelek nor Lukic.
They then took my husband to the Ministry of Public Order and beat him. He came home bruised and deformed. When I asked him who beat him he said it was Lelek. Lelek came to my sister-in-law’s house and beat me, asking for money.
They carried on kicking and beating me and that was when they raped me for the first time. The members of their army starting raping me. I don’t even know who they were. Some of them were wearing badges with knives on them. The first couple of days were a nightmare. I saw my son and husband and I signalled them to hide but my son didn’t get the chance.
They threw me on the floor and raped me again. They then took me outside and left me bleeding in the garden. My son ran outside shouting “leave my mother alone!”. He picked up a knife and ran. When they saw him they shouted “Come here you Turk!”. They grabbed him by the hair – he had long hair – pulled his head back and stabbed him in the throat.

*Nuradin Asteric is a gynaecologist in Sarajevo. During the war he examined dozens of raped women. He recorded their names and accounts to hand over to the authorities at a later date.

- How did you first come into contact with these women? 
In the summer of 1992 I was working in Novi Pazar. I had a clinic there and we were offering free tests to all refugees. The clinic was called Alicena and we had all areas of medicine. Our doctors were from all Yugoslav minorities.
Novi Pazar was under occupation, there were soldiers everywhere.
I remember four buses arriving which were packed and no one dared come out. It was mainly elderly people, children and women. We couldn’t get them to leave the bus and come out for some food. No one would, they all thought they were going to get killed.
The first group was from Foca. They were afraid of people and none of them wanted to talk. When they began to talk about what had happened they began to cry. They couldn’t talk…
They each helped each other with the narration and then put their head in their hands and cry.
Some were pregnant, others had scars from cigarette burns under their breasts, arms and belly.

- What was the worst case you saw?
I remember one who was raped by Zeiko Rasevic. He told her she’d be his girlfriend and that he would look after her and visit her every night. She fled to a neighbour’s house however, and they found her and put her in a truck full of other women.
During the night they stopped at a Chetnik check point. They hit her mother and said “You need to get out and your mother and children can stay on the bus”. She protested, the children were shouting and crying, tugging at her clothes. They were holding on to her. They dragged her out along with all the other women on the bus.


  THE HAGUE, 11.11.2008.

Prosecution witness Hamdija Vilic claims he has been offered € 100,000 by Milan Lukic’s defense to secure an alibi for Milan Lukic for a crime in the Pionirska Street in Visegrad by giving false evidence. Seventy women, children and elderly people were burned alive in the incident. The prosecution has rested its case

The last prosecution witness Hamdija Vilic claims that Milan Lukic’s defense offered him €100,000 five months ago to give false evidence and confirm Lukic’s alibi. Milan Lukic is charged with the living pyre incident in the Pionirska Street in Visegrad, as alleged in the indictment, when he and Sredoje Lukic set some 70 Muslims on fire in a house on 14 June 1992.

As Vilic recounted, in early June 2008 he was approached by some men who introduced themselves as the middlemen representing Milan Lukic’s defense team. They asked him if he would be prepared to give an official statement to the defense. Vilic accepted their offer as he ‘wanted to see’ what Lukic, who had ‘destroyed his life and family’, wanted from him. Later, the witness contends, the accused called him two times from the UN Detention Unit. On 22 June 2008 Vilic met Lukic’s middlemen and lawyers in Zavidovici; they offered him a prepared statement to sign. The statement said that Vilic, as a BH Army unit commander, kept Milan Lukic besiegd from 13 to 15 June 1995. Hamdija Vilic recounted how he was promised the accused would get him ‘everything he needs in life’, including €100,000 if he confirmed the claims in the statement in court.

The witness also said that Milan Lukic promised him over the phone that he would ‘learn the truth’ about the fate of his family if he came to The Hague and testified in his favor. The names of Vilic’s wife and three little children are listed in the indictment against Lukic among the victims burned alive in the Bikavac neighborhood on 27 June 1992. During the conversation with the middlemen, Vilic learned that they had already paid €5,000 to a mutual acquaintance, a Muslim, to confirm Lukic’s alibi as a defense witness.

In Vilic’s words, when he realized he had to ‘say something that was not true’ and ‘sell his family for money’, he declined the offer. He got in touch with the prosecution some days later, after he had ‘a chance encounter in a bar’ with a relative of a witness who put him in touch with the OTP investigators.

Defense counsel of Milan Lukic, American lawyer Jason Alarid, didn’t even bother denying that Vilic had been contacted. In his cross-examination, Alarid accused Vilic of ‘asking for money himself’. The witness denied this, saying he was offered the money. Noting that the witness was a member of the BH Army involved in the murder of a Serb civilian, Alarid attempted to discredit him claiming that Vilic was ‘ready to kill’. In his examination-in chief, Vilic confirmed that in 1996 he was sentenced to five years in prison for murder. In his reply to the defense counsel, Vilic said that he didn’t hide the fact that he had killed a man in self-defense and that he ‘did his time’ for that; the witness also said that he didn’t conceal the fact that he was ‘a regular soldier’ of the BH Army.

The trial of Milan and Sredoje Lukic continues tomorrow with a 98 bis rule hearing. At that hearing, the defense counsel can call for the acquittal of their clients on the counts in the indictment they consider the prosecution has failed to prove.


Witness Disputes Milan Lukic Alibi Claim

She says she watched accused murder Bosniaks in Visegrad on date he denies being in city.

By Rachel Irwin in The Hague (TU No 575, 31-Oct-08)

A protected witness told judges at the tribunal this week that she saw a Bosnian Serb paramilitary leader kill some Bosniak civilians in Visegrad on a day when he claims to have been elsewhere.

The witness’s testimony contradicted the claim of Milan Lukic’s defence team that neither he nor his cousin Sredoje, who is also on trial, was in the eastern Bosnian city on June 10 and 14, 1992, when the alleged crimes in the indictment took place.

Milan Lukic is charged at the Hague tribunal with 21 counts of crimes against humanity and violations of the laws of war –
which include murder, extermination and severe physical and psychological abuses – that claimed the lives of at least 150 Bosniaks in Visegrad alone. Sredoje Lukic is charged on 13 counts.

According to the indictment, on the morning of June 10, Milan shot and killed seven Bosniak men by the banks of the Drina River, near the Varda sawmill and furniture factory in Visegrad.
On the evening of June 14, he and Sredoje are accused of setting fire to a house on Pionirska Street, killing 70 Bosniak women, children and elderly men who were trapped inside.

The protected witness, referred to only as VG-133, this week testified that on the afternoon of June 10, Milan parked his red Volkswagen Passat outside her mother-in-law’s apartment building in Visegrad. She said that he then forced about four Bosniak male residents from other apartments in the same block to go with him, before ringing her doorbell.

According to the witness, he proceeded to question her and her mother-in-law on the whereabouts of other Bosniak men who lived in that apartment building. Her own husband had already gone into hiding at that time, she told judges.

“How long did the encounter last?” asked prosecutor Stevan Cole.

“Perhaps 15 or 20 seconds, but it struck me as a whole 15 minutes at the time,” she answered.

Witness VG-133 said that while Milan “herded” the men into his car, the father of one of those detained happened to arrive home.

“The father asked if he could hug his son,” said VG-133. “[Milan] said that he, too, should get in the car.”

The witness said that she saw Milan drive the group to the Old Visegrad Bridge. From the balcony of her mother-in-law’s apartment, she said she watched as he shot and killed them.

Those alleged killings, however, are not included in the indictment.

VG-133 said she recognised Milan because she had treated him at a health clinic in Visegrad, where she worked as a nurse for many years. Milan had come into the clinic with another soldier in mid-May of that year, she told the prosecutor.

After she and the doctor had bandaged the soldier’s hand, she said that Milan turned to the witness and said, “What about me?”

“His hands were covered in blood,” she recalled. “But when he washed the blood off, there were no injuries.”

The prosecutor questioned the witness at length about the red Passat that Milan drove around town and to the site of his alleged crimes.

VG-133 said, as have many other witnesses, that Milan’s red Passat belonged to a woman called Behija Zukic before she was shot and killed. According to the prosecutor’s pre-trial brief, Milan Lukic is “alleged to have stolen this red Passat after killing Behija Zukic”.

The witness said that on the night of Zukic’s murder, she saw the red Passat following the ambulance carrying Zukic’s body to the clinic.

“Milan was at the wheel,” she said.

“After the death of Behija, did you ever see anyone else in the driver’s seat of her car?” asked Cole.

“Never did I see anyone else except Milan Lukic driving it,” she answered.

The prosecutor also questioned the witness about what she saw on June 14, the day of the Pionirska Street fire.

On that day, the witness said she saw Milan Lukic checking identification cards on a bus waiting to leave town. Later, she said she saw him in the town square getting out of his red Passat. A group of Bosniak civilians had assembled in the area hoping to find a convoy into Bosniak-held territory.

“There were soldiers, and they took [the group] down the main street of Visegrad towards the Mahala neighborhood,” she said.

According to the pre-trial brief, Milan and Sredoje “intercepted” the group on their way to Mahala, eventually forcing them into the Pionirska house that would then be set alight.

When asked if she recognised anyone in the courtroom, the witness said that she did.

“I can recognise two persons here,” she said. “The first person is Milan Lukic, who is smiling so nicely at me now.” She also identified Sredoje Lukic, who she said she had known “for over 20 years” when he was a police officer in Visegrad.

During cross examination, Milan’s defence lawyer, Jason Alarid, questioned the accuracy of VG-133’s memory. He claimed that in previous statements, she did not give dates for the events she described.

She explained that her husband and mother-in-law had later reminded her of the correct dates.

Alarid exclaimed that it was “coincidental” that she remembered the dates of June 10 and 14, which are both mentioned in the indictment. The defence counsel then asked if she had read the indictment.

“No,” she answered.

“Do you know that some of the crimes [listed in the indictment] involve June 10 and June 14?”

“No,” she said.

The trial continues next week.

Rachel Irwin is an IWPR reporter in The Hague.

Lukic Accused of Trying to Buy Alibi

Witness tells Hague court he refused defendant’s offer of a bribe for fake testimony in Visegrad trial.

By Rachel Irwin in The Hague (TU No 577, 14-Nov-08)

In a startling finale to the prosecution’s case against war crimes suspect Milan Lukic this week, a Bosniak witness said the accused offered him 100,000 euro in return for a false alibi.

Hamdija Vilic, a Bosniak who testified at the Hague tribunal in open court, said he received a phone call around June 5 this year from two people referred to as “MLD-10 and her husband”, who cannot be named for legal reasons.

“[MLD-10 and her husband] said I should give a statement on [Lukic’s] behalf, and he would provide me with everything I would need in life, including assets,” said Vilic.

Vilic is a former resident of the eastern Bosnian town of Visegrad, and his wife and three children – aged 11, 8, and 7 – died in a burning house in the Bikavac neighbourhood on June 27, 1992.

According to the indictment, Milan Lukic and his cousin Sredoje – both Bosnian Serbs – forced approximately 70 Bosniaks into the Bikavac house before they barricaded the exits and set it on fire. The sole survivor of that fire, Zehra Turjacanin, testified at the tribunal in September.

Vilic said he was hiding in a different area and did not witness the fire that killed his family.

The Lukic cousins are also charged with the murder of another 70 Bosniak women, children and elderly men, who perished in a burning house on Pionirska Street on June 14, 1992.

Milan Lukic, the former leader of a Serb paramilitary group known as the White Eagles, is charged with 21 counts of crimes against humanity and violations of the laws of war – including murder, extermination and severe physical and psychological abuses. Sredoje Lukic is charged on 13 counts.

When prosecutor Dermot Groome enquired as to why Vilic would consider speaking to Lukic, given the circumstances, he responded, “I know [Lukic] burnt my family alive and destroyed my life,” he said. “I wanted to know what he wanted from me. That was my only reason.”

Vilic spent much of his testimony sitting tensely, with one hand pressing down on the arm of his chair. His grey hair and weathered face made him appear older than his 51 years.

He received two phone calls from Milan Lukic, he said, and during the first one, on June 8, Lukic told him that “some of his people” would arrive in Bosnia to negotiate.

A meeting was subsequently scheduled for June 22 at the home of MLD-10 and her husband, in the central Bosnian town of Zavidovici, continued the witness.

The witness said that during the second phone conversation with Lukic on June 21, the defendant asked if he had received the information about the meeting, to which Vilic responded that he had.

“Milan told me I would be finding out the truth about my wife, children, brother and neighbours [after I testified],” he added.

Vilic told the court that he arrived in Zavidovici around 9 am on the morning of June 22, and that MLD-10 handed him a piece of paper handwritten in Cyrillic Serbian – the first side was addressed to him, the other to MLD-10’s sister.

“Did MLD-10 tell you what the paper was?” asked Groome.

“Yes,” responded Vilic. “She told me [that] here Milan wrote down what I should answer on behalf of his defence.”

The statement, explained Vilic, instructed him to say that as a commander in the Bosnian government army, he had intercepted Serb military vehicles and killed three Serb officers near the town of Kopito on June 13, 1992.

Vilic said he was also instructed to say that at this time, he had encircled Milan Lukic and his soldiers and held them for three days and three nights, making it impossible for Lukic to have been in Visegrad on those days when he is accused of starting the Pionirska house fire.

The witness said that two men he referred to as Lukic’s legal representatives arrived at MLD-10’s house later that afternoon.

One of them, he continued, was from Belgrade, while the other was American and spoke Serbian with a thick accent.

“They said, ‘Milan is going to give you everything you will need in your life’,” said Vilic.

The men proceeded to offer him 100,000 euro if he confirmed the prepared statement during his testimony in The Hague, said the witness.

Vilic said he refused the alleged offer, and told the court that he had never fought in Kopito, and that he had only been a soldier in the army, not a commander.

The lawyer from Belgrade, said Vilic, told the American to relay the conversation to Milan when he returned to The Hague.

“What was going through your mind in relation to the entire transaction?” Judge Patrick Robinson asked the witness.

“Had I accepted, it would have been selling out my wife, children, brothers, neighbours, everyone else, in exchange for money,” responded Vilic.

“I probably wouldn’t have been able to live [with myself]. They are ready to pay money to be acquitted, though they have done what they are accused of.”

Vilic said he decided to tell tribunal prosecutors about the incident when he met someone in a bar who had connections with The Hague. Vilic said he gave the person his phone number, and was contacted by prosecutors a few days later.

During his cross-examination, Jason Alarid, Milan Lukic’s lawyer, sought to undermine Vilic’s credibility.

He brought up the fact that Vilic had served a five-year prison sentence in 1996 for killing another Bosniak, apparently in self-defence.

“Isn’t it true that you are the one who demanded 100,000 euro from Milan to tell the truth?” asked Alarid.

“No, never,” responded Vilic.

Following the cross-examination, Alarid submitted an argument under the tribunal’s 98bis rule. This stipulates that at the end of the prosecution’s case, a defendant can ask the judges to acquit him of charges for which insufficient evidence has been presented.

In his submission, Alarid requested that judges dismiss 13 counts from the indictment, including those related to the killing of seven men at the Varda Furniture Factory, house burnings in Bikavac and Pionirska Street, and the killing of a Bosniak woman Hajira Koric.

Alarid did not challenge the first count of the indictment, which includes the general persecution, murder and abuse of non-Serb civilians in Visegrad. He also left alone those charges covering the beatings at Uzamnica Detention Camp.

In addition, he questioned whether it was appropriate for his client to be tried in a war crimes tribunal since, as an alleged paramilitary, Milan had no ties to the “architects” of the conflict and only commanded “a small group of friends”.

“[The prosecution] wants to separate Milan from the broader power spectrum in the region… with no apparent ties to leadership,” continued Alarid.

The judges are expected to rule on the submission shortly, and the defence of Sredoje Lukic will begin next week.

Rachel Irwin is an IWPR reporter in The Hague.

Savić: Ekshumacije u Drinskom i Dušću

20 novembar 2008  

Vještak sudske medicine govorio o ekshumacijama u selima Drinsko I Dušće, gdje su nađena tijela Bošnjaka za čija se ubistva tereti Momir Savić.

Vedo Tuco, vještak sudske medicine, dao je svoj iskaz u korist Tužilaštva BiH, te kazao da je 26. aprila 2006. godine, “po nalogu tužilaštva u Goraždu”, predvodio ekspertni tim za ekshumaciju na lokaciji Pušin do, u blizini sela Drinsko, općina Višegrad.

“Bio sam prvi koji je ušao u taj prostor, i počeo sam da obilježavam površinu na kojoj se nalaze ostaci tijela. Odredio sam prostor od 200 metara, na kojem je bilo vidljivo otprilike deset skeleta na površini zemlje, koji su samo dijelom bili prekriveni rastinjem i biljem”, prisjetio se Tuco.

Tužilaštvo BiH tereti Momira Savića, bivšeg pripadnika Užičkog korpusa bivše Jugoslovenske narodne armije (JNA) a zatim komandira 3. čete Višegradske brigade Vojske Republike Srpske (VRS), za zarobljavanje i ubistva civila Bošnjaka u selima Drinsko i Dušće.

Vještak Tuco je pojasnio Sudskom vijeću da su tijela “prvo očišćena, a zatim uslikana i popakovana” i odnesena u Centar za obradu u Tuzlu, kako bi se uradila “reasocijacija tijela i DNK analiza”.

Tuco je pojasnio da je nakon toga identifikovano svih deset osoba.

“U ovom konkretnom slučaju, mi smo za sedam od deset žrtava mogli doći do sigurnog zaključka da je uzrok smrti nastao usljed strijelne rane, dok se za tri žrtve nije moguće izjasniti”, kazao je vještak.

Tuco, kako je pojasnio, nije bio prisutan na ekshumaciji u selu Dušće 2005. godine, kada su pronađena tijela triju ubijenih muškarca, ali je učestvovao u laboratorijskoj obradi posmrtnih ostataka.

“Lično sam vadio uzorke koji su slati na DNK analizu, te mogu reći da smo dobili povratne informacije i sada znamo da se radi o osobama po imenima Delija Nezir, Demir Osman i Ćosić Sadik”, rekao je Tuco i dodao da se kod ovih osoba nije moglo doći do zaključka o uzroku smrti.

Tokom unakrsnog ispitivanja, optuženi Savić je rekao da “apsolutno nema učešća” u stradanju osoba koje su nađene u masovnim grobnicama.

Nastavak suđenja zakazan je za 21. novembar 2008. godine, kada će Tužilaštvo početi sa izvođenjem materijalnih dokaza.

Izvor: BIRN BiH

Savić: Medicinska dokumentacija kao dokaz

Momir Savic
Momir Savic

21 novembar 2008  

Tužilaštvo BiH prezentiralo dokumente kojima želi dokazati stradanje Bošnjaka u selima Drinsko i Dušće, za što se tereti Momir Savić.

Državno tužilaštvo započelo je izlaganje materijalnih dokaza uvođenjem u spis 58 dokumenata koji se tiču posmrtnih ostataka pronađenih na ekshumacijama u selima Dušće i Drinsko tokom 2005. i 2006. godine.

Za svaku od deset žrtava pronađenih na lokalitetu Pušin do, u blizini sela Drinsko, i dvije žrtve pronađene u Dušću, tužilac Adnan Gulamović prezentirao je po četiri medicinska dokumenta: izvještaj o sudskomedicinskoj ekspertizi, zapisnik o utvrđivanju identiteta, DNK izvještaj i potvrde o smrti.

Momir Savić, koji je bio pripadnik Užičkog korpusa nekadašnje Jugoslovenske narodne armije (JNA), a zatim komandir 3. čete Višegradske brigade Vojske Republike Srpske (VRS), optužen je za učešće u “zarobljavanju i ubistvima” civila Bošnjaka u selima Drinsko i Dušće.

Pored ovih dokaza, Tužilaštvo je prezentiralo i fotodokumentaciju sačinjenu tokom ekshumacija na lokalitetima Drinsko i Dušće, kao i crtež sa lica mjesta u šumi Pušin do.

Optuženi Savić je na ovom ročištu ponovio Sudskom vijeću da on “nema veze sa slučajem”, a njegova Odbrana zatražila je od Suda da odbije “kao neosnovane” dokaze koji “nemaju povezanosti sa Savićem”.

“Protivimo se uvođenju ovih dokaza jer Odbrana ne vidi uzročno-posljedičnu vezu stradanja ovih ljudi sa Momirom Savićem”, kazao je Dragan Međević, Savićev branilac.

Sudsko vijeće prihvatilo je uvođenje u spis dokaza, ali je naglasilo da će njihova ocijena “biti donesena u konačnici postupka”.

Naredno ročište zakazano je za 26. novembar 2008. godine, kada će Tužilaštvo nastaviti sa uvođenjem materijalnih dokaza.

Izvor:BIRN BiH
Visegradsko ljeto
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